electrification trend analysis of ground vehicle in airport in civil aviation airports

2023-10-31 10:50:10

In recent years, with the popularization of the concept of environmental protection , the environmental protection construction of civil aviation airports has gradually become the focus of the industry. Among them, the greening trends of airport vehicles has attracted much attention. It is understood that the environmental impact of waste gas, waste water and other emissions generated during the operation of traditional airport equipment cannot be ignored. Driven by new technologies and materials, electric new energy vehicles are favored by airport managers and travelers for their unique advantages and environmentally friendly features.


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Pollution in civil aviation airports mainly comes from two aspects, the first is the pollution caused by the aircraft, mainly from the aircraft auxiliary power unit APU, which will cause very large emissions and noise pollution. Aircraft in the parking space, APU shutdown, instead of using the ground to provide power and air conditioning to the aircraft, can be a good solution to the aircraft in the flight area of the pollution problem. However, the traditional ground power supply for aircraft is a diesel-powered power truck, and the air conditioning is a diesel-powered air conditioning truck. So it is valuable to promote the electrification of power supply vehicles and air conditioning vehicles in the flight area.


Secondly, it is the pollution caused by a variety of ground special vehicles and equipment on the ramp. Airport ground support vehicles and equipment mainly include: power supply trucks, baggage transfer vehicles, passenger ladder trucks, air conditioning trucks, tractor trucks, baggage trailer trucks, gas source trucks, ferry trucks, elevated platform trucks, food trucks, garbage trucks, de-icing trucks, fuel trucks, etc. They are all powered by diesel. They are all diesel-powered, and their main pollutants include CO, NOX, HC and PM (particulate matter).



LTMG Electric Baggage Towing Tractor


LTMG electric Passenger Stair


In order to reduce the environmental pollution caused by these vehicles, some airports have started to try to use new energy-driven environmentally friendly aviation ground special vehicles to replace the original diesel vehicles. The application of pure electric technology in airport special vehicles has unique advantages. First of all, its use of the environment is relatively closed, within the airport, easy to manage; Secondly, the vehicle running route is relatively fixed, the daily mileage and working time is also basically fixed, and the daily mileage are shorter, generally no more than 100 km / day; vehicle driving the highest speed are generally no more than 30 km / h, and the terrain is relatively flat; In addition, the airport special vehicles every day at least 6 In addition, airport special vehicles do not run for at least 6 hours a day, so there is sufficient time for charging, especially at night, which can enjoy very low "valley power" tariffs, and is in line with the power sector's policy of "cutting peaks and leveling off valleys"; moreover, airport special vehicles generally have relatively fixed parking spaces, which is convenient for setting up charging devices and charging systems. Moreover, special vehicles in airports usually have relatively fixed parking spaces, which is convenient for setting up charging devices and charging operation and management; airports have strict management systems for the use, maintenance, repair and inspection of special vehicles, which will strongly support the promotion and application of electric vehicles in airports.


People in the electric vehicle industry are happy and excited about the electric vehicles owned by the airport is suitable for the promotion of the conditions, agreed that, with the growing perfection of electric vehicle technology, the electrification of civil aviation airport special vehicles is imperative!


So, the realization of civil aviation airport vehicle electrification, need to pay attention to what? The need to consider from the security, standardization, charging infrastructure to ensure three aspects:

1. Safety: First, to ensure the safety of the battery itself and the safety of the motor; second, to ensure the safety of the charging equipment itself and the charging process;

2. Normative: First, in accordance with the characteristics of the vehicle, standardize the gradual promotion of vehicle electrification; Second, in accordance with the national standard charging pile technical indicators, standardize the charging requirements of the equipment or vehicle;

3. Charge Protection: First, the new airport in accordance with the overall planning requirements and national or industry requirements, and ultimately form a complete charging plan; Second, the old airport phased, regional and gradual planning, step by step.